Former President Donald J. Trump appeared in federal court docket in Washington on Thursday for the primary time to face prices that he conspired to stay in workplace regardless of his 2020 election loss, pleading not responsible at a listening to carried out within the shadow of the Capitol, the place his supporters, fueled by his lies, had rampaged to dam the peaceable switch of energy.
Mr. Trump was booked and fingerprinted earlier than coming into the courtroom and providing a soft-spoken “not responsible” to every of the 4 counts lodged in opposition to him on Tuesday by Jack Smith, the particular counsel.
He was allowed to go away court docket with out paying any bail or agreeing to any journey restrictions. A primary pretrial listening to was set for Aug. 28.
Mr. Trump arrived in Washington within the exceptional place of being below indictment in three separate instances as he’s working for president once more. Along with the election case, he faces federal prices of mishandling categorized paperwork and accusations in New York associated to hush cash funds to a porn star.
However at the same time as he sped out and in of Federal District Court docket in about an hour and a half, he was main his rivals for the 2024 Republican nomination by large margins and remained defiant.
“It is a very unhappy day for America,” Mr. Trump stated on the airport in Washington earlier than boarding his aircraft again to his golf membership in New Jersey. “It is a persecution of a political opponent. This was by no means alleged to occur in America.”
Holding his umbrella for him as he emerged from his SUV on the tarmac was Walt Nauta, his private aide, who was charged alongside him within the classified-documents case.
Thursday’s listening to was held inside a courthouse that has been the venue for tons of of trials stemming from the Jan. 6, 2021, assault on the Capitol. His legal professionals used the procedural listening to to trace at one in all his central protection methods — a request to delay a second pending federal trial for months, if not years.
The arraignment passed off about six weeks after he entered one other not-guilty plea in a Miami courtroom after being indicted on prices of illegally retaining categorized paperwork at his resort in Florida and obstructing the federal government’s efforts to reclaim them.
Thursday’s arraignment had deeper historic resonance. It started a course of by which federal prosecutors will search to carry Mr. Trump to account for what they are saying was his refusal to stick to core democratic ideas, a trial that might be held little greater than a mile and a half from the White Home and on the foot of the Capitol complicated the place his supporters chanted two and a half years in the past for his vice chairman to be hanged and tried to dam Congress from certifying President Biden’s victory.
The indictment charged that Mr. Trump lied repeatedly to advertise false claims of fraud, sought to bend the Justice Division towards supporting these claims and oversaw a scheme to create false slates of electors pledged to him in states that Mr. Biden had received. And it described how he finally pressured his vice chairman, Mike Pence, to make use of so-called faux electors to subvert the certification of the election at a joint session of Congress on Jan. 6, 2021, that was minimize brief by the violence on the Capitol.
Magistrate Judge Moxila A. Upadhyaya, who oversaw the roughly half-hour consumption listening to on Thursday, ordered Mr. Trump to not talk in regards to the case with any witnesses besides by legal professionals or within the presence of legal professionals. She set the primary listening to earlier than the trial choose, Tanya S. Chutkan, for Aug. 28 — the date chosen by Mr. Trump’s legal professionals from among the many three choices she supplied and the newest of them.
Delaying the proceedings as a lot as potential is extensively anticipated to be a part of Mr. Trump’s authorized technique, provided that he may successfully name off federal instances in opposition to him if he wins the 2024 election.
The jockeying started on Thursday. After Choose Upadhyaya gave prosecutors per week to suggest a trial date, one in all Mr. Trump’s legal professionals, John F. Lauro, complained that the federal government had had years to research and that he and his colleagues have been going to want time to defend their consumer. She directed him to convey it up with the trial choose and prosecutors to reply inside 5 days of his submitting.
“Mr. Trump is entitled to a good and simply trial,” Mr. Lauro stated after Justice Division prosecutors requested invocation of a provision that might lead to a begin date inside 90 days.
Mr. Trump’s protection crew has signaled that it intends to make use of a wide range of arguments to combat the fees.
They embrace asserting that Mr. Trump had a First Modification proper to advertise his view that the 2020 election was marred by fraud, and making a case that Mr. Trump sincerely believed his claims that he had been robbed of victory, an argument supposed to make it harder for prosecutors to ascertain that he supposed to violate the regulation.
The protection crew has additionally recommended that it’ll argue that Mr. Trump was counting on recommendation from legal professionals when he sought to dam certification of Mr. Biden’s victory, and that it may search to maneuver the trial out of Washington — a Democratic stronghold — to a extra politically pleasant setting.
The wrangling over the timetable underscored the logistical and political complexities going through Mr. Trump and his crew as they juggle three felony proceedings and a presidential marketing campaign.
To present a way of the crowded calendar his authorized crew will face, a few of its members are scheduled to be in Fort Pierce, Fla., for a listening to within the classified-documents case on Aug. 25, after which to show round and be in Washington on Aug. 28. Mr. Trump doesn’t have to be within the courtroom for the pretrial hearings.
Choose Upadhyaya arrived for the listening to 14 minutes late — creating lengthy intervals of awkward silence and pen-twiddling as Mr. Trump and his crew sat throughout from equally antsy prosecutors.
Whereas the legal professionals sparred, most eyes within the courtroom have been on the second face-to-face encounter between the previous president and Mr. Smith, who has filed prices that might put the 77-year-old Mr. Trump in a federal jail for the remainder of his life. This time, in contrast to in Miami, the 2 males have been positioned in such a means that they might be seen to one another.
Mr. Smith entered the courtroom — usually utilized by the district’s chief choose, James E. Boasberg — about quarter-hour earlier than the scheduled 4 p.m. begin, together with his lead prosecutor within the case, Thomas P. Windom, and positioned himself in a chair behind his crew, together with his again in opposition to the rail dividing members from the gallery.
Mr. Trump walked in very slowly in his signature lengthy crimson tie and lengthy blue swimsuit coat, surveying the room and mouthing a greeting to nobody particularly. He glanced briefly within the route of Mr. Smith — whom he has known as “deranged” — however he didn’t appear to make eye contact.
Mr. Trump spoke in respectful tones when questioned by Choose Upadhyaya, the Justice of the Peace choose who presided over the continuing.
But if he had appeared chastened and ailing comfy in Florida, he was extra his defiant self on Thursday.
When she requested his identify, he replied, “Donald J. Trump” after which added “John!”
When she requested his age, he raised his voice a notch and intoned, “Seven-seven!”
On the finish of the continuing, Choose Upadhyaya thanked Mr. Trump, who stated, “Thanks, your honor.” On the “all rise” command, he stood up. One in all his legal professionals put his arm on Mr. Trump’s again and guided him away from the desk and out the courtroom door.
Mr. Smith, identified for his implacable demeanor, remained nonetheless for a lot of the listening to. However after Mr. Trump’s entourage exited, he appeared to let his guard down, smiling broadly as he shook palms with F.B.I. brokers who had been engaged on the case.
However the gravity of the case weighed closely on members and observers alike.
At the very least three of the district court docket judges who’ve presided over trials of the Trump supporters charged for his or her roles within the assault on the Capitol on Jan. 6 filed into the again row of the guests’ gallery to look at. One was Choose Amy Berman Jackson, who had criticized what she known as Mr. Trump’s “irresponsible and knowingly false claims that the election was stolen” in imposing a harsh sentence on a rioter who had bludgeoned a Capitol Police officer into unconsciousness.
Exterior the courthouse, safety was heavy, with officers on foot and on horseback and barricades erected on the sidewalk. The gang, made up of Mr. Trump’s critics and his supporters, clogged the realm exterior the courthouse, with some carrying pro-Trump indicators and others shouting anti-Trump slogans, together with “Lock him up!”
Maggie Haberman and Jonathan Swan contributed reporting.